Food Allergy Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Restaurant Employees in İstanbul, Turkey

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Akademik Gıda, vol.18, no.2, pp.125-134, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.24323/akademik-gida.758812
  • Journal Name: Akademik Gıda
  • Journal Indexes: Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-134
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


With the significant increase in fatal cases of allergic reactions, the issue of food allergy has attracted the attention ofauthorities, particularly food allergy competence and practices among food handlers. The purpose of this study is todetermine food allergy knowledge, attitude, and practices among restaurant employees in Istanbul, Turkey. Thisobservational cross-sectional study was conducted among 490 restaurant employees included restaurant managers,cooks and service workers. The questionnaire used in this study was developed by researchers based on previousstudies. The mean knowledge score for participants was 41.74±20.27, the attitude score was 69.42±2.42 and thepractice score was 75.26±13.1. According to these results, the level of food allergy knowledge and attitude of therestaurant employees were ‘moderate’ and the practice level was evaluated as ‘low risk practice’. It was found thatonly 22.9% of the participants attended food allergy training and only 26.9% stated that they could provide appropriateservice in order to prevent food allergy. The knowledge (47.45±20.77) and practice (82.02±10.06) scores of theparticipants receiving food allergy training were statistically higher than those not receiving food allergy training(39.99±19.80 and 73.25±13.23, respectively; p<0.05). A significant weak positive correlation was observed betweenknowledge with attitude (r=0.12, p<0.05), knowledge with practice (r=0.39, p<0.05) and attitude with practice (r=0.25,p<0.05). This study is very important since it is the first comprehensive study conducted to measure the level of foodallergy knowledge, attitude, and practices of restaurant employees in Turkey. Understanding the knowledge, attitude,and practices of restaurant employees on food allergies may help managers to plan the most appropriate policies andtraining for their employees.