Dual-Task Balance Training for Motor Skill Development among Children with Intelligence Quotient Discrepancy

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Atak E., ALGUN Z. C.

Rehabilitation Research and Practice, vol.2022, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2022
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2022/2822171
  • Journal Name: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


The motor skills of people with mental disabilities are reportedly reduced compared with those of their peers. Therefore, any task incorporating both motor and cognitive skills was hypothesized to provide better motor recovery. The aim of this study is to find the effect of dual-task balance training (DTBT) on motor skill development in children of 6-13 years with intelligence quotient discrepancy (IQD) (score: 50-79). Overall, 30 individuals with mental disabilities aged 6-13 years having an IQ score of 50-79 were included. The participants were randomly divided into two groups that received dual-task training and standard balance training, respectively. IQ was measured with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, motor proficiency with the Bruininks-Oseretsky test, reaction time with COGNIBOARD, and balance with Functional Reach Test scores. Intervention was provided twice a week for 12 consecutive weeks. Participants in both groups showed higher test scores in all tests after the training program. Both training programs positively affected the motor performance of the participants. The DTBT was more effective in improving balance performance than the standard balance training. DTBT is a better tool than conventional balance training for improving motor skills and balance in children of 6-13 years with IQD (score: 50-79).