Effects of basic body awareness therapy on pain, balance, muscle strength and functionality in knee osteoarthritis: a randomised preliminary trial


Disability and Rehabilitation, vol.45, no.26, pp.4373-4380, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 26
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2151650
  • Journal Name: Disability and Rehabilitation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, AgeLine, CINAHL, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, SportDiscus, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.4373-4380
  • Keywords: Basic body awareness therapy, pain, balance, function, knee osteoarthritis
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of basic body awareness therapy (BBAT) on pain, balance, muscle strength, and functionality in knee OA. Methods: Forty patients (mean age: 55.20 ± 6.40 years) with knee OA were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Both groups participated in a home-based exercise programme. The home-based exercise programme was performed daily for 6 weeks. In addition to the home-based programme, patients in the experimental group participated in BBAT 3 days a week for 6 weeks. The visual analogue scale, fall risk assessment, single-leg stability test, knee extension muscle strength, five times sit-to-stand test, joint range of motion assessment, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, 6-minute walk test, and stair climb test were performed at baseline and after 6 weeks. Results: All outcomes in the experimental group significantly improved after 6 weeks (p < 0.05). There were significant differences between the two groups in terms of the experimental group in muscle strength (p = 0.018, η 2= 0.191), five times sit-to-stand test (p < 0.001, η 2= 0.510), and the stair climbing test (p = 0.012, η 2=0.212). Conclusion: This study showed that BBAT, in addition to a home-based exercise programme, can improve muscle strength and functionality in patients with knee OA. Clinical trial registration number: NCT04165187.