Short-term azithromycin use is associated with QTc interval prolongation in children with cystic fibrosis


Enhoş A., Doğuş Kus H., Yozgat C. Y., Cakır E., Yazan H., Erol A. B., ...More

Archives de Pediatrie, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.arcped.2024.02.004
  • Journal Name: Archives de Pediatrie
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Azithromycin prophylaxis, Childhood, Chronic lung disease, QTc prolongation
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Azithromycin is used for children with cystic fibrosis (CF) for its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory action. This study investigated the short-term alterations in QTc interval associated with azithromycin prophylaxis in pediatric patients with CF. Methods: This study included 121 patients with mild CF, of whom 76 received azithromycin (patient group) and 45 did not receive azithromycin (control group). The patient and control groups were categorized according to age as under 12 years of age and over 12 years of age. The first presentation measured all the patient and control groups at basic QTc time intervals. The QTc intervals of all patients were then remeasured systemically at 1, 3, and 6 months. Age categories and QTc intervals that were calculated at each month in the patient and control groups were compared statistically. Results: A statistically significant difference was detected in the patient group between the initial QTc interval time and the electrocardiogram (ECG) findings in the first and third months after prophylaxis treatment (p < 0.001; p = 0.01). However, no statistically significant difference was detected in the sixth month (p > 0.05) in all groups. Almost all of the children's QTc intervals were within normal range and within the safety zone (under 0.44 s). No statistically significant difference was detected in the control group between the initial ECG and the QTc intervals measured at 1, 3, and 6 months. Conclusion: Short-term use of azithromycin prophylaxis in pediatric patients with mild CF slightly increased the QTc interval in the first and third months of follow-up. Nevertheless, all QTc interval changes fell within the safety zone. Notably, 1 month of follow-up treatment should be performed to check for any alteration in the QTc interval. If increased QTc interval duration is not detected in the first month, azithromycin prophylaxis can be safely prescribed.