Unusual phenotype in 35delG mutation: a case report

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Yeral C., Şeneldir L., Karakoç A. H., Şap A., Yılmaz O.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL CASE REPORTS, vol.18, 2024 (ESCI) identifier



Background : Mutations in the GJB2 gene, which encodes the protein connexin 26 and is involved in inner ear homeostasis,are identified in approximately 50% of patients with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss, making it one of the primary causes of prelingual nonsyndromic hearing loss in various populations. The 35delG mutation, one of the most common mutations of the GJB2 gene, usually causes prelingual, bilateral mild to profound, nonprogressive sensorineural hearing loss.

Case presentation : We present an unusual case of an 18-year-old Turkish female with heterozygous 35delG mutation and postlingual, profound-sloping, progressive and fluctuating unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. The phenotype is different from the usual findings.

Conclusions : The 35delG mutation causing hearing loss may not always be reflected in the phenotype as expected and therefore may have different audiologic manifestations.

Keywords : GJB2, 35delG mutation, Genetic hearing loss, Unilateral progressive hearing loss