Mediating the effect of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between psychological well-being and self-confidence: A study on Turkish university students

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Malkoç A., Mutlu A.

International Journal of Higher Education, vol.8, no.6, pp.278-287, 2019 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5430/ijhe.v8n6p278
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Higher Education
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.278-287
  • Keywords: Cognitive flexibility, Psychological well-being, Self-confidence, University students
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


This study examined the role of self-confidence and cognitive flexibility in psychological well-being. The study looked into whether cognitive flexibility mediates the relationship between self-confidence and psychological well-being. The study involved the participation of 284 university students (192 female and 92 male) enrolled in the Faculty of Education at a private university in Istanbul, Turkey. Data was collected via the Self-Confidence Scale, Flourishing Scale and Cognitive Flexibility Scale. The results of our multiple regression analysis revealed that self-confidence and cognitive flexibility statistically predict psychological well-being. Self-confidence and cognitive flexibility were found to explain 38% of the variance in psychological well-being. Furthermore, cognitive flexibility served as a mediator in the relationship between self-confidence and psychological well-being.