The children with early language and speech delay have the risk to face with learning disabilitiesas well as psychological and behavioral adjustment problems in the preschool period. The aim of this studyto analyse the language and speech disoders in the children aged between 3 and 6 years who attendkindergarden. 503 children who attend the kindergarden were determined in Beypazarı. However, 101children were out of study for various reasons (N:402). The implementation of the study consists of twostages. In the first stage, the language and speech development of the children was determined with theLanguage and Speech Screening Form. The Turkish Preschool Language Scale–5 (TPLS–5) test wasadministered to the risky children in the second stage. The data obtained from the first stage of study, 23of 402 children were considered to have problems in language and speech development. The TPLS–5language test was administered to 22 out of 23 children. A moderate (0.30<|r=0.49|<0.70), positive (r>0)and a significant correlation (p<0.05) was found between their chronological age and their receptivelanguage age. A high level (0.70<|r=0,88|), positive (r>0) and significant correlation (p<0.01) was foundbetween the chronological and expressive language of the children. Language-speech screenings in preschool children are useful for identifying possible or existing language-speech problems and forintervention in the shortest possible time. The language and speech disorders seen in children cause somenegative effects on the families and affect society considerably in the long term. For this reason, it is quiteimportant to follow the language and speech development of children closely in the preschool period.