The contribution of scholars to the anatomy of the eye and adnexa in islamic geography

Creative Commons License

Zor K., Çinaroǧlu S., Küçük E.

Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.34, no.4, pp.294-296, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/1319-4534.322599
  • Journal Name: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.294-296
  • Keywords: Eye anatomy, eye diseases, Islamic territory
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


From the early period of Islam, Muslim scholars have translated the ancient Greek medical works, and they reached a much more advanced level. Blindness was a major cause of disability in all Islamic geography, so physicians from Islamic territory, particularly Yuhanna ibn Masawayh, Hunain Ibn Ishaq, Rhazes, Ali bin Isa, Ibn-i Sina, and Ibn Al-Haitam, were particularly focused on the anatomy of the eye and diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases. In this study, we aimed to report the contributions of the Muslim scholar on the anatomy of the eye and adnexa for the first time in the literature.