A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Study that Evaluates Efficacy of Intravenous Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen for Postoperative Pain Treatment Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Surgery


Ekinci M., ÇİFTÇİ B., Celik E. C., Köse E. A., Karakaya M. A., ÖZDENKAYA Y.

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, vol.24, no.4, pp.780-785, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11605-019-04220-1
  • Journal Name: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.780-785
  • Keywords: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Analgesia, Ibuprofen
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Ibuprofen is a NSAID that has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effects. The oral form of the drug has been used safely for a long time and is one of the most preferred NSAIDs. It has been shown that ibuprofen is effective in the treatment of postoperative pain; however, there have not been sufficient studies on ibuprofen. We evaluated and compared the influence of IV forms of ibuprofen and acetaminophen on pain management and opioid consumption on patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. Methods: Patients were stratified into three groups. Group I (group ibuprofen, n = 30) was administered 800 mg of IV ibuprofen; group A (group acetaminophen, n = 30) was administered 1000 mg of IV acetaminophen; and group C (control group, n = 30) was given 100 ml of saline solution. We evaluated opioid consumption and VAS scores postoperatively. Results: Pain scores in group I and group A at all time periods were lower than those in group C (p < 0.05). Group I had significantly lower VAS scores than those in group A at all time periods postoperatively (p < 0.05). Those in group C had significantly higher opioid consumption than the other groups (p < 0.05). Opioid consumption in group I at all time periods postoperatively was significantly lower than those in group A (p < 0.05). Group I had statistically lower rescue medication than the other groups at all time periods. Conclusion: Our study suggested that IV ibuprofen resulted in lower pain scores and reduced opioid use compared with acetaminophen postoperatively in the first 24 h in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery.