A retrospective analysis of adenoidal size in children with allergic rhinitis and nonallergic idiopathic rhinitis

Nuhoglu C., Nuhoglu Y., Bankaoglu M., Ceran Ö.

Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology, vol.28, no.2-3, pp.136-140, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 2-3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Name: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.136-140
  • Keywords: allergic, nonallergic, idiopathic, rhinitis, radiograph, adenoidal size, adenoid/nasopharynx ratio, children
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Increased incidence of adenoidal tissue enlargement in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) when compared to non-atopic children had been reported. However, data with respect to the comparison of adenoidal size in children with AR and non-allergic idiopathic rhinitis (IR) is still lacking in the literature. Objective: We aimed to compare the size of the adenoid in children with AR and with non-allergic IR. Methods: Adenoid/nasopharynx ratios (ANR) of all children were calculated in both AR and IR patients and the mean ratios were compared. Results: There were 52 patients in the AR group and 56 patients in the nonallergic IR group. Demographic data were similar within the two groups. The mean ANR was 0.59 ± 0.08 in AR group, whereas it was 0.77 ± 0.12 in nonallergic IR group. The ANR was very significantly high in the nonallergic IR patients (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: Our results suggest that there could be a cellular immune deficiency in allergic children which effects the enlargement of the pharyngeal tonsils. This might be explained with the hypothesis that allergic patients have a deficiency in T-helper 1 cell activity and interferon-gamma production. Larger studies which compare the cytokine profiles of children with AR and with nonallergic IR, will clarify the role of recurrent respiratory infection which is a real problem in clinical practice with allergy.