Ottoman Policy Toward the Druzes of Hauran (Syria) During the Early Years of Abdulhamid II (1878-1881) II. Abdülhamid Dönemi İlk Yıllarında Havran (Suriye) Dürzilerine Yönelik Osmanlı Politikası (1878-1881)


BUZPINAR Ş. T.

Turkish Journal of History, vol.82, pp.199-226, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/iutd.20241398392
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of History
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, L'Année philologique, Historical Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-226
  • Keywords: Abdulhamid II, Druze, Hauran, Syria
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The Hauran region of Syria received Druze immigrants from the 18th century onwards, and by the beginning of Abdulhamid II's reign in 1876, the region had gained a significant Druze population. Accustomed to an independent way of life, the Druze of Hauran tried to resist the Ottoman attempt to integrate the region into the administrative system. The aim of this study is to clarify how Ottoman policy had been shaped against this resistance. The introduction of the article will explain the formation of a new Druze center. The following three sections will explain the developments related to three important events that led to the encounter between the Ottoman administration and the Druze of Hauran. The article concludes that the Ottoman policy toward the Druze of Hauran was to ensure peace and tranquility not by force but through negotiation and reconciliation.