Management of persistent coccydynia with transrectal manipulation: results of a combined procedure

ŞEKER A., Sarikaya I. A., Korkmaz O., Yalcin S., Malkoc M., Bulbul A. M.

European Spine Journal, vol.27, no.5, pp.1166-1171, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00586-017-5399-6
  • Journal Name: European Spine Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1166-1171
  • Keywords: Coccydynia, Manipulation, Steroid injection
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: We compared the results of manual therapy combined with steroid injection with single steroid injection in the treatment of persistent coccydynia. Patients and methods: Combined therapy was performed in 21 patients (Group 1) and steroid injection in 23 patients (Group 2). We compared two groups and investigated the combined therapy group in details. Patients were classified according to the underlying cause, BMI, anatomic type of coccyx and duration of symptoms (< 6 or ≥ 6 months). Results: Mean age was 30.5 years at the time of procedures. Mean followup time was 27.8 months. VAS scores were decreased in both groups but combined therapy group had much more better results. Complete pain relief was achieved in 61.9% of patients in Group 1 whereas it was only 17.4% in Group 2. In 23.8% of Group 1, the VAS score was significantly decreased but the feeling of uncomfortability persisted. This was 73.9% in Group 2. We had no relapse in Group 1 but in Group 2 the relapse rate was 56.5%. Underlying cause, body mass index, anatomic type of coccyx and duration of symptoms had no effect on results. Conclusion: Manual therapy combined with steroid injection would be an alternative method in case of persistent coccydynia. It is a safe and easy option before surgical treatment.