Investigation of the functional and biomechanical effect of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique in individuals with asymptomatic dynamic knee valgus - Randomized controlled trial


Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol.39, pp.263-269, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2024.02.040
  • Journal Name: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.263-269
  • Keywords: Force production, Frontal plan projection angle, Graston technique®, Postural stability
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Although there are studies showing that myofascial release will increase muscle force production, the contribution of its application alone to muscle force production has not been examined. Aim of the study is to investigate the effect of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) on eccentric strength, frontal plane projection angle (FPPA), dynamic (DPS), and static postural stability (SPS), femoral internal rotation (FIR) angle in females with dynamic knee valgus (DKV). A total of 44 recreationally active females with asymptomatic DKV (age: 21,39 ± 1,79, body mass index: 20,09 ± 2,45) participated and were randomly assigned to either control group (CG) or IASTM group (IASTMG). Participants' eccentric contraction strength, FPPA, DPS, SPS, and FIR on the involved leg were measured pre- and post. IASTM application was applied to IASTMG for 6 weeks, twice a week, for 5 min, using Graston Technique® instruments on gluteus medius. CG received no intervention. In comparison of ECS difference values, change in IASTMG was found to be statistically significantly higher than CG (p =.004; p <.01). There was no statistical difference in comparison of FIR and FPPA values (respectively p =.213, p =.360; p <.05). In SPS and DPS evaluation, a statistically significant improvement was observed in favor of IASTMG in comparison of both intergroup and difference values (p <.05 for all). Strength gain without exercise can increase postural stability, but it isn't sufficient to correct faulty movement patterns. We recommend adding IASTM to injury prevention programs, but there is a need to investigate the effect of IASTM with technique correction feedback.