Influence of Different Irrigation Solutions on the Push-Out Bond Strength of Fiber Posts to Root Dentin and Root Canal Dentin Microhardness: Methodological Study


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Erdem Hepsenoglu y., ERŞAHAN Ş., Yılmaz B., AYDINOĞLU A., sağır k., YORUÇ A. B. H.

Türkiye Klinikleri Diş Hekimliği Bilimleri Dergisi, vol.29, no.1, pp.83-91, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to compare the effect of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chlorhexidine (CHX), ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) and etidronic acid (HEBP) solutions and their combinations on a push-out bond strength of fiber posts to root canal dentin and on root dentin microhardness. Material and Methods: Sixty human maxillary central incisors were sectioned below the cementoenamel junction, the roots were endodontically treated and were divided into 6 groups (n=10) according to the final irrigation protocol: (1) Distilled water, (2) CHX, (3) HEBP-NaOCl combination, (4) HEBP, (5) 2.5 % NaOCl, (6) 17% EDTA. The fiber posts were then cemented with self-etching resin cement. Bonded specimens were cut (1-mm-thick), the first slice of the coronal 3rd was used for dentin microhardness analysis, and other slices were used for the push-out bond strength test. The data were statistically analyzed by using Shapiro-Wilk, Oneway ANOVA, and the Games-Howell test. Results: The lowest microhardness was observed in HEBP-NaOCl and NaOCl (p<0.05). CHX, HEBP, and EDTA resulted in less reduction in microhardness as compared to other groups (p<0.05). HEBP-NaOCl and NaOCl showed significantly higher mean bond strength to root dentin in the cervical thirds than in other groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: With regard to the push-out bond strength of the fiber post to dentin, NaOCl and HEBP-NaOCl increased bond strength compared to other groups. NaOCl and HEBP-NaOCl have lower microhardness of dentin. Compared to HEBP, EDTA increases microhardness and does not make a significant difference in push-out bond strength. Therefore, it is recommended to use HEBP alone.