Effects of percussion massage therapy, dynamic stretching, and static stretching on physical performance and balance

Menek M., MENEK B.

Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, vol.37, no.1, pp.183-193, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.3233/bmr-230069
  • Journal Name: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.183-193
  • Keywords: Exercise, massage therapy, postural balance, vibration, warm-up exercise
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


BACKGROUND: Percussion massage therapy is a popular approach in sport medicine for physical therapists, but few researchers have investigated the comparison with other intervention methods. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the comparison of the effects of dynamic stretching, static stretching and percussive massage therapy on balance and physical performance in individuals. METHODS: The participants who were 18-25 years of age, able to perform performance tests, did not have any orthopedic surgery, did not have problems during running and sudden turning, and did not have a professional sports history were included in the study. Participants were assigned randomly to three groups as dynamic stretching (DS) (n = 16), static stretching (SS) (n = 16) and percussive massage therapy (PMT) (n = 16) groups. Horizontal jumping test, T drill test and balance measurements on a single leg with open and closed eyes of all participants were recorded before and after applications. RESULTS: When the values of the pre and post-treatment of all groups in the study were compared, significant improvements were observed in the t-test, horizontal jumping test and right/left foot balance with eyes open in DS group (p < 0.05). Significant improvements were observed in all values in the PMT group (p < 0.05). In the comparison of the differences between the groups, PMT group values were more significant than the SS group in all parameters. CONCLUSION: Percussive massage therapy would be an alternative that can be used to increase the performance and balance of individuals before exercise.