Effect of Mg stoichiometry on self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) of ZrC nanoparticles in ZrO2-Mg-C system Effet de la stœchiométrie du Mg sur la synthèse à haute température auto-propagée (SHS) de nanoparticules de ZrC dans le système ZrO2-Mg-C

Bugdayci M., Coban O., BAŞLAYICI S.

Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00084433.2023.2266344
  • Journal Name: Canadian Metallurgical Quarterly
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: combustion synthesis, magnesiothermic reduction, nanopowder, powder synthesis, Zirconium Carbide
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


It is significant to develop the production processes of Zirconium Carbide (ZrC) nanoparticles due to its superior properties. In this study, self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) followed by an acid leaching route was used to produce ZrC powder. ZrO2 was used as the zirconium source, C black as the carbon source and Mg as reductant. After modelling thermodynamically with the FactSage 7.1 software in terms of adiabatic temperature and possible phases, SHS processes were carried out with varying reductant stoichiometry (90%, 100%, 110%, 120%) and applying chemical treatment with HCl leaching for purification. The obtained products were characterised by XRD and SEM-EDS analysis. The optimum reductant stoichiometry for the production of ZrC was determined as 110%. As a result of the leaching processes, it was revealed that ZrC powders with an average particle size of 320 nm and containing a small amount of oxide residues could be synthesised. Compared to carbothermal reduction, which is the main production method of the material, the desired compounds were synthesised with much lower energy consumption and in much finer particles.