Optimization of the 112 Emergency Health Stations in the Province of Muğla


Turkish Studies - Economics, Finance, Politics , vol.18, no.1, pp.97-107, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


The need for emergency health services may arise anytime and anywhere. The emergency need arises in cases of accidents, natural disasters, diseases, or attacks encountered in routine life. Early and quality intervention in a case is of great importance as soon as an emergency arises. Timely and right intervention increases the life chances of patients. At this point, the location of the stations becomes important. Station locations should facilitate access in the event of a possible incident and increase the chances of survival by shortening the time of transportation and intervention to people. The aim of the study is to minimize the time for the 112 health service teams to access any case in the province of Muğla, Turkey. For this purpose, the optimal settlements of all 112 Emergency Health Service (EHS) Stations that were active in 2019 were evaluated. Determining the optimal locations keeps emergency response time to a minimum, and prevents unnecessary resource use. The study sample consists of 45 EHS stations that provide active service in Muğla province in 2019. To determine the optimal locations of these stations, the maximum covering location model was used in the study. The problem solution was obtained with the Excel solver. According to the results obtained, it was revealed that 30 of the 45 stations in Muğla province can continue to serve and that the remaining 15 stations adversely affect resource efficiency.