Publishing, sharing, and disseminating their research results are among scientists’
most important objectives. This process, which consists of stages full of
intensive labor and care, is very laborious and may not always result in a positive
outcome. A review of the scientific literature indicates that some non-academic
authors publish more than academics. On the other hand, the presence
of a widespread reproducibility problem even in highly cited publications negatively
affects the reliability of scientific findings. Open-science policies and
public peer review practices are needed to overcome these problems.