Elasticity analysis of fossil energy sources for sustainable economies: A case of gasoline consumption in Turkey

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Mikayilov J. I., Mukhtarov S., DİNÇER H., YÜKSEL S., Aydın R.

Energies, vol.13, no.3, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/en13030731
  • Journal Name: Energies
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: gasoline demand, gasoline price, Turkey, cointegration, stock of cars, elasticities
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


The current paper investigates the gasoline demand relationship in the case of Turkey, utilizing different econometric techniques and using quarterly data spanning from 2000Q1 to 2019Q1. The estimation results revealed that income and gasoline price are the main drivers of consumption. The found long-run income, price and auto stock elasticities are 0.25, −0.27 and −0.80, respectively. In addition, it is concluded that in the short-run, gasoline demand does not respond to changes in income, price and car stock. The estimation results also showed that the contribution of commercial and public car stock on gasoline demand is higher than that for private auto stock. Based on the finding of the study it is concluded that to achieve the optimal use of gasoline in line with providing high quality transport services, firstly, policies before the 2012 period can be followed. Secondly, channels such as pricing mechanism and taxation policies can be used in this framework.