A preliminary study of normative speech rate values of Turkish speaking adults


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CANGİ M. E., IŞILDAR A., TEKİN A., SARAÇ A. B.

ENT Updates, vol.10, no.3, pp.381-389, 2020 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.32448/entupdates.769051
  • Journal Name: ENT Updates
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-389
  • Keywords: Articulation rate, conversational speech, reading rate, speaking rate, Turkish
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives: One of the main prosodic components oflanguage is the rate. Speaking and articulation rates aretwo different measurements that reflect various aspectsof each other. This study mainly aimed to present preliminary normative data related to speaking rate, readingrate, articulation rate and articulation rate in reading forTurkish-speaking adults and also aimed to compare thesefour measurements in terms of gender.Methods: The present study included 84 university students (42 males and 42 females) aged between 19-24years old whose native language was Turkish. Poweranalysis was calculated based on the articulation rate.Speech and articulation rates were measured by taking400-syllable conversational speech samples from eachparticipant. A text was used from the Adult II section ofthe Turkish version of the Stanford Binet Intelligence Testto measure their reading rates. The speaking and readingsamples obtained were recorded with a voice recorderand analyzed with the PRAAT software.Results: There was a statistically significant differenceboth between their speaking and reading rates, and between articulation rate and articulation rate in reading.Male participants had significantly higher articulationrates in speaking and reading than females.Conclusion: The present study provided evidence that thespeech rate is low and articulation rate is high in Turkish.It concluded that the significant difference between articulation rates by gender in many languages is also validfor Turkish.