Concomitant Bladder Tumor Is a Risk Factor for Bladder Recurrence but Not Upper Tract

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Liu K., Zhao H., Alvarez-Maestro M., Gravas S., Van Renterghem K., Zeng G., ...More

Current Oncology, vol.29, no.12, pp.9284-9293, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/curroncol29120727
  • Journal Name: Current Oncology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.9284-9293
  • Keywords: concomitant bladder tumor, upper tract urothelial carcinoma, kidney-sparing surgery, recurrence-free survival
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of UTUC patients with or without concurrent bladder tumor. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Clinical Research Office of the Endourology Society-Urothelial Carcinomas of the Upper Tract (CROES-UTUC) Registry included 1134 UTUC patients with or without concurrent bladder tumor treated between 2014 and 2019. Results: In 218 (19.2%) cases, concurrent bladder tumor was present, while in 916 (80.8%) patients, no bladder cancer was found. In the multivariable Cox regression analysis, concomitant bladder tumor (hazard ratio (HR) 1.562, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.954–2.560, p = 0.076) indicated a trend associated with recurrence-free survival for UTUC. Further data dissection confirmed that concomitant bladder tumor is a risk factor of bladder recurrence (HR 1.874, 95% CI 1.104–3.183, p = 0.020) but not UTUC recurrence (HR 0.876, 95% CI 0.292–2.625, p = 0.812). Kidney-sparing surgery (KSS) (HR 3.940, 95% CI 1.352–11.486, p = 0.012), pathological T staging ≥ pT2 (HR 2.840, 95% 1.039–7.763, p = 0.042) were significantly associated with UTUC recurrence. KSS does not affect bladder recurrence (HR 0.619, 95% CI 0.242–1.580, p = 0.315). A limitation is the retrospective nature of the present study analysis. Conclusions: The presence of concomitant bladder tumor does not increase risk of UTUC recurrence, but it results in an increased risk of bladder recurrence. KSS does not affect bladder recurrence and can still be considered in patients with concomitant bladder tumor.