Anxiety levels of community pharmacists during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study in Istanbul COVID-19 pandemisi sürecinde serbest eczacıların anksiyete düzeyleri: İstanbul’da bir kesitsel araştırma

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KÜÇÜKALİ H., Hayran O. E., Duman E., KARACA A., Kirikçi A., Çiftçi O.

Hacettepe University Journal of the Faculty of Pharmacy, vol.41, no.4, pp.211-220, 2021 (Scopus) identifier


Community pharmacists have been on the frontlines during the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Although the mental health and anxiety levels of many other health workers are studied in this period, literature is very limited to understand the experience of pharmacists. This study aims to define the anxiety level of community pharmacists in Istanbul during the COVID-19 pandemic and identify possible influencing factors. The population of the study is community pharmacists from pharmacies in Istanbul. In this cross-sectional study, 348 pharmacies are selected by simple random sampling. Participants are approached via telephone and inquired with questions about sociodemographic information, work conditions, COVID-19 specific concerns, and the Beck Anxiety Inven-tory. 239 (68.7%) pharmacists responded. This study identifies that, by the 6th month of the pandemic, the mean anxiety score of the pharmacists in Istanbul is 9.4±10.6, and 54.8% (n=134) of the participants is experiencing “minimal” anxi-ety. However, they have some COVID-19 specific concerns (becoming infected and transmitting the disease to family or environment) at high and extreme lev-els. Those concerns significantly increase the anxiety score. The findings of this study are promising for public health, as they show that community pharmacists could cope with the psychological effects of the pandemic.