Characterization and comparative evaluation of polysulfone and polypropylene hollow fiber membranes for blood oxygenators

Teber O. O., Altınay A. D., Naziri Mehrabani S. A., Zeytuncu Gökoğlu B., Ateş-Genceli E., Dülekgürgen E., ...More

Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol.141, no.12, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 141 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.55121
  • Journal Name: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: artificial lung, blood oxygenator, cardiovascular devices, polypropylene, polysulfone
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Blood oxygenators are used to saturate oxygen levels and remove carbon dioxide from the body during cardiopulmonary bypass. Although the natural lung is hydrophilic, commercially used oxygenator materials are hydrophobic. Surface hydrophobicity weakens blood compatibility, as long-term contact with the blood environment may lead to different degrees of blood activity. Polysulfone may be considered an alternative hydrophilic material in the design of oxygenators. Therefore, it may be directed toward developing hydrophilic membranes. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of achieving blood gas transfer with a polysulfone-based microporous hollow fiber membrane and compare it with the commercially available polypropylene membranes. Structural differences in the membrane morphology, surface hydrophilicity, tortuosity, mass transfer rate, and material properties under different operation conditions of temperature and flow rates are reported. The polysulfone membrane has a water contact angle of 81.3°, whereas a commercial polypropylene membrane is 94.5°. The mass transfer resistances (s/m) for the polysulfone and polypropylene membranes are calculated to be 4.8 × 104 and 1.5 × 104 at 25°C, respectively. The module made of polysulfone was placed in the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit in parallel with the commercial oxygenator, and pH, pO2, pCO2 levels, and metabolic activity were measured in blood samples.