Water as source of Francisella tularensis infection in humans, Turkey

Kilic S., Birdsell D. N., Karagöz A., Çelebi B., Bakkaloglu Z., ARIKAN M., ...More

Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.21, no.12, pp.2213-2216, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.3201/eid2112.150634
  • Journal Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2213-2216
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Francisella tularensis DNA extractions and isolates from the environment and humans were genetically characterized to elucidate environmental sources that cause human tularemia in Turkey. Extensive genetic diversity consistent with genotypes from human outbreaks was identified in environmental samples and confirmed water as a source of human tularemia in Turkey.