Diffusion-weighted imaging in ectopic pregnancy: ring of restriction sign


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Durur-Karakaya A., ŞEKER M., Durur-Subasi I.

BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, vol.91, no.1082, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 91 Issue: 1082
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1259/bjr.20170528
  • Journal Name: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: To demonstrate the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) fndings of ectopic pregnancy (EP) and introduce the "ring of restriction" sign by discussing possible causes. Methods: Between January 2014 and January 2017, patients with EP and examined by MRI on a 3T scanner were retrospectively evaluated. MRI and DWI fndings were recorded. Results: A total of 40 patients were diagnosed with EP at our university hospital, 8 of whom (20%) were evaluated by MRI and DWI. All of them were haemodynamically and clinically stable and could be imaged adequately. Locations were ovary (n = 3, 37.5%), tuba (n = 2, 25%), Caesarean section scar (n = 2, 25%) and parauterine (n = 1, 12.5%). In all eight EPs, the gestational sac diameter was compatible with 7-9 weeks. With DWI, the gestational sac was seen as a thick-walled cyst-like structure. The thick wall showed diffusion restrictions in all patients (ring of restriction sign). Conclusions: DWI through its cellular and molecular evidence may contribute diagnosis of EP. Advances in knowledge: Being aware of the EP wall shows diffusion restriction (ring of restriction) avoids interpretation errors especially in appropriate clinical setting with no need for contrast material.