Investigation of inflammation-related parameters in patients with candidemia hospitalized in the intensive care unit: A retrospective cohort study


Science Progress, vol.105, no.3, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 105 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00368504221124055
  • Journal Name: Science Progress
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Candidemia, intensive care unit, mortality
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Candidemia is the most common invasive fungal disease in intensive care units (ICUs). Objective: We aimed to investigate cases of candidemia infection developing in the ICU and factors associated with mortality due to this infection. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study including patients admitted to a tertiary university hospital ICU between January 2012 and December 2020. Patients over 18 years of age who had candida growth in at least one blood culture taken from central or peripheral samples (>48 h after admission to the ICU) without concurrent growth were evaluated. Results: The study group consisted of 136 patients with candida. Eighty-seven (63.97%) patients were male, with a median age of 69.5 (59–76.5) years. The 7-day mortality rate was 35.29%, while the 30-day mortality rate was 69.11%. As a result of multiple logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age and malignancy, high APACHE II score and low platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) - were found to be significant factors in predicting both 7-day and 30-day mortality. Conclusion: In this study, PLR and APACHE II scores were shown to be independent predictors of mortality in patients with candidemia in the ICU.