Neutralization of Wild-Type and Alpha SARS-CoV-2 Variant by CoronaVac® Vaccine and Natural Infection- Induced Antibodies


ÖZKAYA E., Yazıcı M., BARAN I., Çetin N. S., TOSUN İ., BURUK C. K., ...More

Current Microbiology, vol.80, no.5, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 80 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00284-023-03248-6
  • Journal Name: Current Microbiology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No

Abstract

One of the immune responses desired to be achieved by SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is to create neutralizing antibodies (nAbs), thus preventing the development and spread of infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the seropositivity rate, anti-spike antibody levels, and neutralizing capacity of these antibodies against wild type (WT) and alpha variants in serum samples of individuals who had been naturally infected or vaccinated with CoronaVac®. Total anti-spike antibody levels were determined in all samples. Neutralization assays were performed by the reduction of the cytopathic effect in Vero-E6 cells with infectious WT and alpha SARS-CoV-2 variants. Although both naturally infected and vaccinated individuals were all seropositive for antispike antibodies, 84.8% of the vaccinated group, and 89.3% of the naturally infected group had detectable nAbs. The nAbs titers were significantly higher in the naturally infected group for both WT and alfa variant of the virus as compared to the vaccinated individuals. In this study, it was observed that all individuals became seropositive six weeks after exposure to the vaccine or the virus. Moreover, naturally infected individuals had higher levels of nAbs than those vaccinated. The presence of nAbs against the alpha variant in both naturally infected and vaccinated individuals suggests that these antibodies may also be protective against infections, which may be caused by other variants, such as delta and omicron.