The resolvin D1 levels before and after periodontal therapy in periodontitis patients

Gokmenoglu C., TÜRKMEN E., Öngöz Dede F., Erbak Yilmaz H., Kara M. C., Çanakçi V.

Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.26, no.10, pp.6379-6385, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-022-04593-9
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.6379-6385
  • Keywords: Periodontitis, Non-surgical periodontal treatment, Resolvin D-1, Gingival crevicular fluid, Saliva
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the levels of resolvin D1 (RVD1) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva in the patients with periodontitis and healthy subjects, and also to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatments (NSPTs) on RVD1 levels. Materials and methods: Fifteen patients with Stage III Grade B periodontitis (P) and 11 periodontally healthy individuals (H) were included in this study. Clinical periodontal measurements, GCF, and saliva samples were collected from each individual at baseline and 6 weeks after NSPTs in periodontitis group. GCF and saliva levels of RVD1 were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: GCF total and concentration levels of RVD1 were significantly lower in the periodontitis group than in the healthy group and significantly increased after NSPTs in periodontitis (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in saliva RVD1 levels between healthy and periodontitis group and also before and after NSPTs in periodontitis (p > 0.05). Significant negative correlations were found between all periodontal clinical parameters and GCF volume with both GCF total amount and concentrations of RVD1 (p < 0.01). There was a positive correlation between GCF total amount and concentrations of RVD1 (r = 0.762, p < 0.01). Conclusions: GCF levels of RVD1 might be promising biomarkers for monitoring the susceptibility to periodontitis and predicting periodontal status. Clinical relevance: RVD1 may be valuable biomarker to observe the healing process after periodontal treatment as increased GCF levels might project clinical improvements post-treatment. Accordingly, observing GCF RVD1 levels might be helpful to determine individuals require further periodontal treatment.