The effect of Dual-Task balance exercises on cognitive functions among children with mild and borderline mental retardation: a randomized controlled trial


European Journal of Physiotherapy, vol.25, no.6, pp.324-332, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/21679169.2022.2113138
  • Journal Name: European Journal of Physiotherapy
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.324-332
  • Keywords: Cognition, posture balance, multi-tasking behaviour, mental retardation, physical therapy
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dual-task balance training (DTBT) in improving the mental performance of children with intellectual disabilities. Materials and Methods: Forty-five children (aged 6–13 years) with mild mental retardation (intelligence quotient: 50–79) were randomised to receive cognitive training and DTBT (group A), standard balance and cognitive training (group B), or only cognitive training (control group). The intervention was provided twice a week for 12 weeks (totally 24 sessions). The WISC-R intelligence and MOXO attention tests were used for outcome analysis. All outcome assessments were made before, after, and three months after the study. Results: There were significant improvements after using DTBT compared to the other two sets of interventions, at least in selected aspects of intelligence and mental performance. Conclusions: A precisely planned, progressive DTBT program can be effective in developing and sustaining improvements in mental abilities among children with intellectual disabilities. This study is recorded in (Identifier: NCT04114487).