Efficacy of one-hour negative pressure wound therapy and magnetic field energy in wound healing


ÖZER A. H., KESKİN İ., KELEŞTEMUR T., AYTÜRK N., Ersavas C., Gunal M. Y.

Journal of wound care, vol.33, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.12968/jowc.2024.33.sup1.i
  • Journal Name: Journal of wound care
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: angiogenesis, magnetic field, negative pressure wound therapy, wound, wound care, wound dressing, wound healing
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Wound healing is an important aspect of health but needs further research to identify the effects and interactions of different treatment approaches on healing. The aims of this study were to investigate the effectiveness of one-hour negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) and compare histological differences between one-hour NPWT and magnetic field energy (MFE) in rats on early-stage wound healing, wound size and angiogenesis. METHOD: Standardised wounds were created on Wistar rats that were allocated and divided into NPWT, MFE and control groups. Both treatments were applied for 1 hour/day for 10 days. Wound size, histological changes and wound area blood flow were assessed. RESULTS: The wound size of all groups was similar on days 0, 2 and 10. The MFE group's wound size was smaller than the NPWT group on days 4, 6 and 8 (p<0.05). Development of the granulation tissue in both the one-hour NPWT and MFE groups was greater than in the control group. Additionally, the inflammatory phase was shorter, and wounds entered the proliferative stage faster in the MFE group than both of the other groups. CONCLUSION: Treatment with MFE may be more effective in terms of early stage wound closure and angiogenesis. On the other hand, the NPWT group's wound area blood flow was significantly greater than the other two groups. MFE is superior to one-hour NPWT in terms of wound area and angiogenesis. Furthermore, it is worthwhile to note that one-hour NPWT increases bloodflow in the wound area, which stimulates healing.