Children’s dental treatment requirements of first permanent molars with poor prognosis


Gürcan A. T., BAYRAM M.

Clinical Oral Investigations, vol.26, no.1, pp.803-812, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00784-021-04059-4
  • Journal Name: Clinical Oral Investigations
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.803-812
  • Keywords: Permanent dentition, Dental caries, Dental care for children, Deep dentin caries, First permanent molar, Treatment needs
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives: This retrospective study aimed to (i) survey the correlation between decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT), and presence of first permanent molars (FPMs) with poor prognosis and (ii) evaluate the treatment requirements. Materials and methods: Seven hundred seventy-three children with fully erupted FPMs were included in this study. DMFT for the permanent dentition, FPMs, and Global DMFT were evaluated based on clinical and radiographic evaluation. The ratio of deep dentin caries (DDC) and apical lesion presence among FPMs, including treatment requirements, were analysed. Spearman rank correlation coefficient and t tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: The caries prevalence was found at 61.4%, where the mean DMFT was calculated as 1.89 ± 2.15. There was a positive correlation between DMFT values and age (rs = 0.27). On the other hand, there was a negative correlation between global DMFT values and age (rs = − 0.29). Regarding treatment needs of FPM with poor prognosis, 12.03% of the teeth needed pulpectomy, 8.93% pulpotomy, 8.93% pulp capping, and 5.3% extraction. Having higher DMFT values was correlated significantly (p < 0.01) with the presence of DDC (rs = 0.50) and apical lesion (rs = 0.34). Susceptibility to DDC and apical lesions was significantly higher at mandible than maxilla (p < 0.01). The correlation was significant between DMFT values and apical lesion presence (p < 0.01). Conclusion: The ratio of FPMs with poor prognosis was found high in the study group. Treatment requirements of FPMs increased with age, and pulp interventions often took part in the majority. This study successfully concluded that higher DMFT values were correlated with the presence of DDC and apical lesion. Clinical relevance: FPMs with poor prognosis demonstrate a risk factor for apical lesion presence.