Dart to the target: an alternative bull’s eye parametric display for European Society of Cardiology / European Respiratory Society goal-orientated risk reduction strategy in pulmonary arterial hypertension

Kaymaz C., Akbal O. Y., Hakgor A., Tokgoz H. C., Tanyeri S.

Pulmonary Circulation, vol.8, no.3, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/2045894018780522
  • Journal Name: Pulmonary Circulation
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: dart table model, pulmonary hypertension, risk stratification, survival estimation
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Despite the significant mortality and mobidity benefits being obtained with the targeted therapies in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), mid- to long-term survival of patients with this disease has remained unsatisfactory. For earlier and reliable risk stratification in PAH and tailoring the dynamic management strategies, various risk assessment models have been developed. Currently available risk reduction strategy recommended by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) 2015 Pulmonary Hypertension Guidelines has been utilized in three recent registries. In this review, we evaluated the risk prediction models and management algorithms in this setting and propose an alternative parametric display, a bull’s eye, dart table scheme for ESC/ERS goal-orientated risk reduction strategy in patients with PAH.