In vitro evaluation of planktonic growth on experimental cement-retained titanium surfaces

Creative Commons License

BALCI N., Cakan U., AKSU M. B., Akgul O., ÜLGER N.

Medical Science Monitor, vol.22, pp.1180-1185, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.12659/msm.898274
  • Journal Name: Medical Science Monitor
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1180-1185
  • Keywords: Dental Cements, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Peri-Implantitis, Prevotella intermedia
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of selected cements, or their combination with titanium, on the growth of two periodontopathic bacteria: Prevotella intermedia (Pi) and Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn). Material/Methods: This study was comprised of several experimental groups: 1) Dental luting cements (glass ionomer cement, methacrylate-based resin cement, zinc-oxide eugenol cement, eugenol-free zinc oxide cement; 2) titanium discs; and 3) titanium combination cement discs. The disks were submerged in bacterial suspensions of either Fn or Pi. Planktonic bacterial growth within the test media was measured by determining the optical density of the cultures (OD600). Mean and standard deviations were calculated for planktonic growth from three separate experiments. Results: Intergroup comparison of all experimental groups revealed increased growth of Pi associated with cement-titanium specimens in comparison with cement specimens. Regarding the comparison of all groups for Fn, there was an increased amount of bacterial growth in cement-titanium specimens although the increase was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The combination of cement with titanium may exacerbate the bacterial growth capacity of Pi and Fn in contrast to their sole effect.