Analysis of proliferative activity in oral gingival epithelium in immunosuppressive medication induced gingival overgrowth.

Bulut S., Uslu H., Ozdemir B. H., Bulut O. E.

Head & face medicine, vol.2, pp.13, 2006 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/1746-160x-2-13
  • Journal Name: Head & face medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.13
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


BACKGROUND: Drug-induced gingival overgrowth is a frequent adverse effect associated principally with administration of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A and also certain antiepileptic and antihypertensive drugs. It is characterized by a marked increase in the thickness of the epithelial layer and accumulation of excessive amounts of connective tissue. The mechanism by which the drugs cause gingival overgrowth is not yet understood. The purpose of this study was to compare proliferative activity of normal human gingiva and in cyclosporine A-induced gingival overgrowth. METHODS: Gingival samples were collected from 12 generally healthy individuals and 22 Cyclosporin A-medicated renal transplant recipients. Expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen was evaluated in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded gingival samples using an immunoperoxidase technique and a monoclonal antibody for this antigen. RESULTS: There were differences between the Cyclosporin A group and control group in regard to proliferating cell nuclear antigen and epithelial thickness. In addition, the degree of stromal inflammation was higher in the Cyclosporin A group when compared with the control group. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the increased epithelial thickness observed in Cyclosporin A-induced gingival overgrowth is associated with increased proliferative activity in keratinocytes.