Tumor-mimicking musculoskeletal infectious lesions – experience of a single referral center

Aydın Ö., Çelik A., BATIBAY S. G., Yildirim A. N. T., Okay E., Ayaz T., ...More

Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo, vol.150, no.5-6, pp.295-301, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2298/sarh210916050a
  • Journal Name: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-301
  • Keywords: biopsy, imaging, hydatid cyst, tuberculosis, soft tissue abscess, osteomyelitis
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction/Objectives Bone and soft tissue infections might mimic bone and soft tissue tumors. Therefore, differential diagnosis is important to prevent errors in treatment. This report aims to present the data of patients with indistinct clinical and radiological findings mimicking benign and malignant bone and soft tissue tumors, which were later diagnosed as inflammatory infections. Methods A retrospective chart review of the clinical, microbiological, radiologic, and pathologic findings of patients presented with a presumed diagnosis of a possible malignant lesion was performed. Results The study included 21 patients with a median age (IQR) of 37 (1 month – 72 years) years, and 13 (61%) patients were men. In total, 16 (76%) patients were admitted to the hospital with complaints of pain. The diagnoses were hydatid cyst, tuberculous osteomyelitis, cat-scratch disease, chronic osteo-myelitis, subacute osteomyelitis, and soft tissue abscess. All patients were treated depending on the diagnosis of the lesion. Conclusion There are chances of misdiagnosis due to shared common characteristics of tumoral and infectious lesions which might be mildly increased inflammatory markers with deeply seated non-mobile soft tissue masses and aggressive periosteal reactions and/or bone destruction patterns. So, each pseudo-tumoral lesion due to possible infectious causes should be histopathologically examined and correlated with other clinical and laboratory data in order to achieve a final diagnosis.