Genetically Encoded Biosensors Unveil Neuronal Injury Dynamics via Multichromatic ATP and Calcium Imaging


Ghaffari Zaki A., YİĞİT E. N., AYDIN M., VATANDAŞLAR E., ÖZTÜRK G., EROĞLU E.

ACS Sensors, vol.9, no.3, pp.1261-1271, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acssensors.3c02111
  • Journal Name: ACS Sensors
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1261-1271
  • Keywords: ATP diffusion, bicistronic biosensors, GRABATP1.0, in vivo imaging, MaLionR, RCaMP, single-cell axotomy, sniffer cells
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

When a cell sustains damage, it liberates cytosolic ATP, which can serve as an injury signal, affecting neighboring cells. This study presents a methodological approach that employs in vitro axotomy and in vivo laser ablation to simulate cellular injury. Specially tailored biosensors are employed to monitor ATP dynamics and calcium transients in injured cells and their surroundings. To simultaneously visualize extracellular and cytosolic ATP, we developed bicistronic constructs featuring GRABATP1.0 and MaLionR biosensors alongside the calcium sensor RCaMP, enabling multiparametric imaging. In addition to transducing primary neuron cultures, we developed another method where we cocultured dorsal root ganglion neurons together with specialized “sniffer” cell lines expressing the bicistronic biosensors. Exploiting these approaches, we successfully demonstrated the release of ATP from the injured neurons and its extracellular diffusion in response to cellular injury in vitro and in vivo. Axotomy triggered intracellular calcium mobilization not only in the injured neuron but also in the intact neighboring cells, providing new insights into ATP’s role as an injury signal. The tools developed in this study have demonstrated remarkable efficiency in unraveling the intricacies of ATP-mediated injury signaling.