Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of new urolithin amides as multitarget agents against Alzheimer's disease

Shukur K. T., Ercetin T., Luise C., Sippl W., Sirkecioğlu O., ÜLGEN M., ...More

Archiv der Pharmazie, vol.354, no.5, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 354 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ardp.202000467
  • Journal Name: Archiv der Pharmazie
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, amyloid beta, antioxidant, cholinesterase, MAO-B, urolithins
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


A series of urolithin amide (i.e., URO-4–URO-10 and THU-4–THU-10) derivatives was designed and synthesized, and their chemical structures were confirmed with spectroscopic techniques and elemental analysis. The title compounds and synthesis intermediates (THU-1–THU-10 and URO-1–URO-10) were evaluated for their potential to inhibit acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE), and monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). Compounds THU-4 and THU-8 were found to be the most potent inhibitors for the cholinesterases and MAO-B, respectively. The docking studies were also employed to evaluate the binding modes of the most active compounds with AChE, BuChE, and MAO-B. Furthermore, the moderate-to-strong activities of the compounds were also displayed in amyloid-beta inhibition and antioxidant assay systems. The results pointed out that the urolithin scaffold can be employed in drug design studies for the development of multitarget ligands acting on various cascades shown to be important within the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease.