Altered DNA methylation and Dnmt expression in obese uterus may cause implantation failure

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Bozdemir N., Kablan T., Altintas M. O., Sukur G., ÇINAR Ö., Uysal F.

Journal of Molecular Histology, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10735-024-10212-6
  • Journal Name: Journal of Molecular Histology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: DNA methylation, Dnmt, High-fat diet, Obesity, Uterus
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Obesity is defined by increased adipose tissue volume and has become a major risk factor for reproduction. Recent studies have revealed a substantial link between obesity and epigenetics. The epigenome is dynamically regulated mainly by DNA methylation. DNA methylation, which is controlled by DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts), has been widely studied because it is essential for imprinting and regulation of gene expression. In our previous study, we showed that the levels of Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and global DNA methylation was dramatically altered in the testis and ovary of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. However, the effect of HFD on Dnmts and global DNA methylation in mouse uterus has not yet been demonstrated. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of HFD on the level of Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, Dnmt3b, Dnmt3l and global DNA methylation in uterus. Our results showed that HFD significantly altered the levels of Dnmts and global DNA methylation in the uterus. The total expression of Dnmt1, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b was significantly upregulated, while level of Dnmt3l and global DNA methylation were dramatically decreased (p < 0.05). Furthermore, we observed that the expression of Dnmt3b and Dnmt3l was significantly increased in endometrium including gland and epithelium (p < 0.05). Although Dnmt3b was the only protein whose expression significantly increased, the level of global DNA methylation and Dnmt3l significantly decreased in stroma and myometrium (p < 0.05). In conclusion, our results show for the first time that obesity dramatically alters global DNA methylation and expression of Dnmts, and decreased DNA methylation and Dnmt expression may cause abnormal gene expression, especially in the endometrium.