Childhood maltreatment and emotional distress: The role of beliefs about emotion and psychological inflexibility


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TAŞÖREN A. B.

Current Psychology, vol.42, no.16, pp.13276-13287, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12144-021-02594-7
  • Journal Name: Current Psychology
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, BIOSIS, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.13276-13287
  • Keywords: Childhood maltreatment, Emotional distress, Emotional schemas, Psychological inflexibility, Experiential avoidance
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The current study aimed to investigate the mediating role of negative beliefs about emotion and psychological inflexibility on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and emotional distress. A total of 519 participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), the Leahy Emotional Schema Scale II (LESS-II), and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II). All scales were significantly correlated. Two mediation analyses were tested. In the first model negative beliefs about emotion and psychological inflexibility mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and emotional distress measured by DASS-21 total score. In the second model, negative beliefs about emotion and psychological inflexibility mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, anxiety, and stress measured by the subscales of DASS-21. Results suggest that maltreatment in childhood is associated with the individuals’ approaches, plans and strategies in response to emotions, and psychological inflexibility which together further determine emotional distress.