Comparison of skeletal muscle mass loss in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with regorafenib or TAS-102

Hacioglu M. B., Kostek O., Kurt N., Kucukarda A., Gokyer A., Ustabasioglu F. E., ...More

Journal of B.U.ON., vol.24, no.5, pp.2198-2204, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: Journal of B.U.ON.
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2198-2204
  • Keywords: metastatic colorectal cancer, regorafenib, TAS-102, sarcopenia, skeletal muscle mass
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: To assess whether regorafenib and TAS-102 treatments are associated with a change in Skeletal Muscle Area (SMA) as well as to compare Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) loss levels between regorafenib and TAS-102 treatments and prognostic significance in the patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: A total of 36 mCRC patients, who received regorafenib or TAS-102 in the third-line and subsequent settings were assessed in the analysis. SMM changes were assessed with CT scans findings, and they were categorized into two groups as SMM-loss (SMM decrease ≥2%) and SMM-stable (SMM change <2%). Results: The SMM change after regorafenib therapy was significantly worse compared with TAS-102 therapy (p=0.001). The median overall survival (OS) was longer in SMM-stable group than in SMM-loss group (12.8 months; 95%CI:9.8-15.7) vs. 6.4 months; 95%CI:5.2-7.7, respectively;p=0.04). Cox regression analysis showed that SMM loss was independent prognostic indicator for OS (HR, 2.87; 95%CI: 1.07-7.42, p=0.03). Conclusion: Although patients who received regorafenib had more SMM loss than those who received TAS-102, there was no difference in OS between drugs.