Strategic groundwater resources planning in arid regions

Şen Z., Al Sefry S. A., Al Ghamdi S. A., Ashi W. A., Bardi W. A.

Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol.6, no.11, pp.4363-4375, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12517-012-0701-8
  • Journal Name: Arabian Journal of Geosciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4363-4375
  • Keywords: Arid region, Aridity index, Groundwater, Management, Risk, Strategy, Wadi
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


A strategic approach is presented for future groundwater reservoir planning in arid regions where the evaluation of groundwater resources is restricted by scarcity of rainfall, data paucity, restrictive and unrepresentative methodologies, weak economies, almost nonexisting management and optimization programs, frequent groundwater quality variables along short distances, etc. This paper explains the necessary steps in preparing an effective strategic planning program that is expected to provide all the necessary data for identifying alternative solution scenarios especially in arid regions. It is shown on the basis of available scarce data that the risk model of these factors appears as the logarithmic normal probability distribution. The basic decision variables in groundwater storage and recharge planning are furnished with application to Wadi Fatimah in the western central part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia along the Red Sea coast. The approach given in this paper provides a basic example for future groundwater reservoir strategic use and management studies in the Kingdom in particular and in any part of the arid regions of the world, in general. © 2012 Saudi Society for Geosciences.