Cytotoxic Activity and Docking Studies of 2-arenoxybenzaldehyde N-acyl Hydrazone and 1,3,4-Oxadiazole Derivatives against Various Cancer Cell Lines

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Aydın E., Şentürk A. M., BAŞPINAR KÜÇÜK H., GÜZEL M.

Molecules, vol.27, no.21, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/molecules27217309
  • Journal Name: Molecules
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: hydrazone derivatives, oxadiazole derivatives, A-549, MDA-MB-231, PC-3, anticancer activity, docking, molecular modeling studies
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


To understand whether previously synthesized novel hydrazone and oxadiazole derivatives have promising anticancer effects, docking studies and in vitro toxicity assays were performed on A-549, MDA-MB-231, and PC-3 cell lines. The antiproliferative properties of the compounds were investigated using molecular docking experiments. Each compound’s best-docked poses, binding affinity, and receptor-ligand interaction were evaluated. Compounds’ molecular weights, logPs, TPSAs, abilities to pass the blood-brain barrier, GI absorption qualities, and CYPP450 inhibition have been given. When the activities of these molecules were examined in vitro, for the A-549 cell line, hydrazone 1e had the minimum IC50 value of 13.39 μM. For the MDA-MB-231 cell line, oxadiazole 2l demonstrated the lowest IC50 value, with 22.73 μM. For PC-3, hydrazone 1d showed the lowest C50 value of 9.38 μM. The three most promising compounds were determined as compounds 1e, 1d, and 2a based on their minimum IC50 values, and an additional scratch assay was performed for A-549 and MDA-MB-231 cells, which have high migration capacity, for the three most potent molecules; it was determined that these molecules did not show a significant antimetastatic effect.