The Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels of Pregnant Women

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Bağcılar Tıp Bülteni, vol.6, no.3, pp.306-313, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


Objective: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has negatively affected the psychology of the society. In this study, it was aimed to determine the stress, anxiety and depression levels in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate the delivery method attitudes using various scales. Method: The study included 151 pregnant women admitted to the obstetrics and gynecology clinic of our tertiary hospital for follow-up. A 31-question questionnaire containing demographic information and questions about COVID-19, impact of event scale (IES-R), depression anxiety stress scale-21 (DASS-21) and revised pregnancy-related anxiety questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R) scales were applied. Results: According to the classifications made in DASS-21 subgroups, 16.5% of the pregnant women had severe or extreme depression, 35.1% had severe or extreme anxiety, 11.2% had severe or extreme stress level. The mean IES-R and PRAQ-R scores were found to be significantly higher in those under 35 years of age than those aged 35 years and over (p=0.02 and p=0.01, respectively). PRAQ-R (p<0.001), DASS-21 total (p=0.019), DASS-21 anxiety (p=0.012) and DASS-21 stress (p=0.014) scores were significantly higher in those who had their first pregnancy compared to experienced pregnant women. Conclusion: In the present study, it was determined that the pandemic had a negative effect on the depression, anxiety and stress levels of pregnant women, and this effect was higher especially in younger pregnant women and in those experiencing their first pregnancy.