The effect of danger-associated molecular patterns on survival in acute graft versus host disease

Çelik S., KAYNAR L., Güven Z. T., Atasever Duran K., KONTAŞ O., KEKLİK M., ...More

BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION, vol.59, no.2, pp.189-195, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/s41409-023-02145-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.189-195
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are molecules that can initiate and maintain robust inflammatory responses and were investigated in the pathogenesis of graft versus host disease (GvHD). Uric acid (UA) and fibrinogen (Fib) are DAMPs released from damaged tissue during allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) and GvHD. We aimed to evaluate the effects of UA and Fib levels on survival in GvHD. One hundred seventy-four patients with grade 2-4 acute GvHD were included. UA and Fib levels were evaluated on allo-HCT day 0 and GvHD on days 0, 7, 14, and 28. Fib GvHD day 0 was the independent predictor for overall survival (OS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and progression-free survival in multivariable models (HR 0.98, p < 0.001; HR 0.98, p = 0.001, HR 0.98, p = 0.006, respectively). Also UA GvHD day 28 was the independent predictor for OS and NRM (HR 0.77, p = 0.004; HR 0.76, p = 0.011, respectively). Our results indicated that hypouricemia and hypofibrinogenemia were associated with a significantly shorter OS and higher NRM. UA and Fib are remarkable molecules in GvHD because they are routinely utilized, readily available, can be therapeutic targets, and have DAMPs and antioxidant features.