Mental status and physical activity in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia: A subgroup analysis of a nationwide survey (A-HIT1 registry)

Kuman Tunçel Ö., Kayıkçıoğlu M., Pırıldar Ş., YILMAZ M. B., KAYNAR L., Aktan M., ...More

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL LIPIDOLOGY, vol.14, no.3, pp.361, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jacl.2020.04.006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.361
  • Keywords: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, Global severity index, HoFH, LDL, LDL apheresis, Mental state, Physical activity, Psychiatry, Psychopathology, Symptom check list
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: No


Background: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare, life-threatening disease due to high serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. LDL cholesterol–lowering interventions are fundamental for patients with HoFH. Objective: It was aimed to investigate the association between the mental status of patients with HoFH and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Methods: This subgroup analysis of the A-HIT1 population included the data of patients aged ≥18 years with a clinical diagnosis of HoFH undergoing therapeutic LDL apheresis. Besides the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients, healthy lifestyle behaviors were assessed, and psychiatric symptoms were screened by Symptom Check List (SCL-90-R). Results: The highest percentage for pathology was observed in dimensions of obsessive-compulsive, somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, and depression in SCL-90-R. Patients with any cardiovascular condition have more psychiatric symptoms in different fields of SCL-90-R. The outcomes of the correlative analysis indicated that lower the age of the first coronary event better the psychiatric status, probably denoting a better adaptation to disease and its treatment. Among 68 patients, 36 patients were not exercising regularly. Patients with regular physical activity had significantly lower scores in most dimensions of SCL-90-R and there was no association between regular physical activity and other investigated variables. The strongest predictor of regular exercising was global severity index of SCL-90-R. Conclusion: In the HoFH population, there was a high prevalence of mental disturbances. Better psychiatric status was associated with regular exercising. Therefore, assessing the mental status of patients with HoFH and referring patients in need, to a psychiatrist, may improve the outcome of patients.