Strategic Mapping of Youth Unemployment with Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Hesitant Fuzzy DEMATEL Based on 2-Tuple Linguistic Values

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Zhang G., Zhou S., Xia X., YÜKSEL S., Bas H., DİNÇER H.

IEEE Access, vol.8, pp.25706-25721, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/access.2020.2971102
  • Journal Name: IEEE Access
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.25706-25721
  • Keywords: 2-tuple linguistic values, interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy environment, fuzzy DEMATEL, NEET, emerging economies
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to identify the factors that affect youth unemployment in emerging countries. For this purpose, 3 dimensions and 12 criteria are selected as a result of literature review. The analysis process has 3 different steps. Firstly, interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets are created with the help of 2-tuple linguistic data. Additionally, relation matrix is generated by considering these fuzzy sets. In the second process, defuzzification process is occurred. Finally, the dimensions and criteria are weighted with Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) approach by using defuzzified data sets. The findings indicate that economic and social inequalities play the most significant role for youth unemployment in emerging countries. On the other side, it is also identified that economic crisis and insufficient education conditions are also important issues which lead to youth unemployment in these countries. Hence, it is recommended that governments should implement fair tax management practices in these countries to minimize economic and social inequalities. Furthermore, education conditions should be improved in the countries. In this framework, an effective education plan can be designed by cooperating with companies in the industry. Thus, labor needs in industry can be identified and education system can be designed according to the needs in the market. With the help of these implementations, it can be much easier for young people to find a job.