Comparison of OECD Countries in Terms of Health Resource Indicators Using TOPSIS and VIKOR Methods


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USLU Y. D.

OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol.18, no.44, pp.7668-7692, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

Abstract

This study, it is aimed to compare the OECD countries by using multi-criteria decision-making methods of eight different health resource indicators. Countries and/or indicators with missing data were not included in the study, in which 2019 data were used. TOPSIS and VIKOR methods, which are among the multi-criteria decision-making methods, were used and the countries were ranked in terms of the determined health resource indicators and finally, the results obtained by the two methods were compared. It was assumed that the criteria covered in the study were of equal importance and TOPSIS and VIKOR analyzes were performed under this assumption. Microsoft Excel program was used in the implementation of the methods. Five of the criteria used in the study belong to the "medical technology" indicators in the OECD's health resources classification. To rank OECD countries, the evaluation of medical technology indicators, unlike other studies in the literature, is the original aspect of the study. Similar rankings were obtained as a result of analyzes with TOPSIS and VIKOR methods. It has been observed that Turkey ranks 25th in both methods among the 26 OECD countries covered in the study. It has been concluded that to reach the health resource levels of developed and rich countries, Turkey needs additional resources and that existing resources should be directed to more medical technology areas.