Strong association between insulin-mediated glucose uptake and the 2-hour, not the fasting plasma glucose concentration, in the normal glucose tolerance range

Winnier D., Norton L., Kanat M., Arya R., Fourcaudot M., Hansis-Diarte A., ...More

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol.99, no.9, pp.3444-3449, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between whole-body insulin-mediated glucose disposal and the fasting plasma glucose concentration in nondiabetic individuals. Copyright Research Design and Methods: Two hundred fifty-three nondiabetic subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance, and combined glucose intolerance received a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Total glucose disposal (TGD) during the insulin clamp was compared in IFG andNGTindividuals and was related to fasting and 2-hour plasma glucose concentrations in each group. Results: TGD varied considerably between NGT and IFG individuals and displayed a strong inverse relationship with the 2-hour plasma glucose (PG; r < 0.40, P < .0001) but not with the fasting PG. WhenIFG and NGT individuals were stratified based on their 2-hour PG concentration, the increase in 2-hour PG was associated with a progressive decrease in TGD in both groups, and the TGD was comparable among NGT and IFG individuals. Conclusion: The present results indicate the following: 1) as in NGT, insulin-stimulated TGD varies considerably in IFG individuals; 2) the large variability in TGD in IFG and NGT individuals is related to the 2-hour PG concentration; and 3) after adjustment for the 2-hour proglucagon concentration, IFG subjects have comparable TGD with NGT individuals.