The relationship between gluteus medius latent trigger point and muscle strength in healthy subjects

Bagcier F., YURDAKUL O. V., ÜŞEN A., Bozdag M.

Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol.29, pp.140-145, 2022 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2021.10.001
  • Journal Name: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.140-145
  • Keywords: Gluteus medius, Trigger point, Muscle strength
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: We hypothesized that latent MTrPs might decrease gluteus medius muscle strength in healthy individuals. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between latent MTrPs and gluteus medius muscle strength in a group of healthy adults. Methods: Forty-eight healthy men were included in the study. Trigger point examination for the gluteus medius was performed bilaterally. Subjects with one or more trigger points on the dominant side and those without any trigger point were assigned to two groups. Muscle strength for the gluteus medius was assessed with a manual muscle tester using the “break test” technique on both sides. For statistical analysis, the independent sample t-test was used to compare the intergroup differences. Results: The latent MTrP group demonstrated lower abduction muscle strength in the dominant gluteus medius. Moreover, the latent MTrP group showed higher abduction muscle strength in the non-dominant gluteus medius (p < 0.05). Intergroup comparison revealed that gluteus medius abduction muscle strength on the dominant side was higher in the non-latent MTrP group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Latent MTrP may cause joint movement limitation, overload by affecting motor activation patterns and reciprocal inhibition mechanisms. Outcomes of the current study revealed that gluteus medius abduction strength values below 9.7 kg could be associated with latent MTrP with high sensitivity and low specificity. It is imperative to note that the latent MTrP of gluteus medius muscle, which has a critical role in the lumbopelvic junction, should not be ignored in clinical practice, and treatment should be applied when detected.