Efficacy of radial keratotomy in the optical rehabilitation of mild to moderate keratoconus cases


Kocak I., Aydin A., Kaya F., Baybora H., Bozkurt S.

International Eye Science, vol.15, no.4, pp.572-576, 2015 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.3980/j.issn.1672-5123.2015.4.02
  • Journal Name: International Eye Science
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.572-576
  • Keywords: Keratoconus, Optical rehabilitation, Radial keratotomy
  • Istanbul Medipol University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of radial keratotomy (RK) for the optical and visual rehabilitation of mild to moderate keratoconus. METHODS: Thirty-one eyes of 22 keratoconus patients with at least 12 mo follow-up were recruited and reviewed retrospectively. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), autorefractometer values, keratometric values, corneal irregularity indexes, and complications were analyzed pre- and post-operatively. RESULTS: At the last follow-up visit, mean UVCA (logMAR) improved significantly from 0.86±0.34 to 0.30±0.29 (P<0.0001), and mean BSCVA (logMAR) improved from 0.47±0.21 to 0.17±0.23, (P<0.0001). Mean keratometric values decreased from 48.69±3.68 to 44.33±3.09 diopters (P<0.0001). Mean spherical equivalent measured by autorefractometer was also improved significantly from -5.61±2.85 to -2.29±1.95 at the last follow-up visit (P<0.0001). Central corneal thickness and corneal irregularity index of 3 mm and 5 mm zones did not change during the overall follow-up time. No serious intraoperative or postoperative complication was observed. CONCLUSION: RK is assessed as an effective treatment method for the optical and visual rehabilitation of mild to moderate keratoconus cases, according to our results in a selected group of keratoconus patients.